Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell is expected to release a $1 trillion pandemic relief proposal on Monday, kicking off talks with Democrats on provisions including money for people who’ve lost their jobs and protections for employers reopening their businesses.
The Republican plan will be outlined in a set of bills likely to appear Monday afternoon.
The measures, a step toward a fifth coronavirus stimulus bill, aim to extend just-expired supplemental unemployment benefits, but at a lower level; provide a new round of $1,200 direct stimulus checks; funnel money to schools to help them reopen; and approve funding for expanded virus testing.
House Democrats passed a much bigger relief bill in May, and Republicans have only a couple of weeks to bridge the gulf between the proposals. In the meantime, the safety net fashioned in March — including unemployment aid and a moratorium on evictions — will be getting pulled out from under millions of Americans whose lives have been upended by the coronavirus crisis.
McConnell’s expected unveiling comes after top Trump administration officials, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows, spent much of the past week struggling to hammer out some of the differences with Republican lawmakers.
Meadows and Mnuchin were at the Capitol again Sunday to work on what Meadows said were the “final touches” of the package.
But the GOP is hardly unified, and there’s a world of difference with what Democrats demand.
“Half the Republicans are going to vote no” on any additional stimulus, South Carolina Republican Senator Lindsey Graham said Sunday on Fox News Channel. “And a lot of Democrats are going to insist on $3 trillion, which would be way too much.”
McConnell said on Friday that he expected Congress would pass something by “the end of the next few weeks.” Graham predicted Congress would reach a deal by the first week of August, and Mnuchin said the negotiations can move “very quickly.” It likely will be the last chance to act before the November election.
Even before the details are unveiled, Democrats dismissed the Republican plan as falling short of what the ailing economy needs. The House already passed a $3.5 trillion Democratic package that included $1 trillion in aid to states and local governments, much higher levels of school, childcare and health spending, and funds for food stamps, housing, elections, theU.S. Postal Service and broadband internet.
Lag in Benefits
The stark differences between the parties will make for tough talks that threaten to create a lag in benefits into August, and could delay implementation into September.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi has ruled out passing a temporary extension of the unemployment benefits during the negotiations, arguing that such a move would undermine her leverage in securing food stamp funding, a moratorium on evictions, and other provisions that Democrats deem necessary.
One of the major debates will be over unemployment insurance. Democrats want to continue the flat $600 a week supplemental payment, while Republicans are arguing for a system that would cap benefits at 70% of lost wages.
While saying Democrats have no red lines in negotiations, Pelosi said Sunday the Republican proposal would create chaos for already overburdened state unemployment systems.
‘Keep it Simple’
“Why don’t we just keep it simple: unemployment benefits, and the enhancement, which is so essential right now,” Pelosi said on CBS. “And that’s really where we are starting” in negotiations.
McConnell hasn’t yet decided whether to advance any or all of the GOP stimulus proposals to the Senate floor, or take them immediately into talks with Democrats, said Senator Roy Blunt of Missouri, a member of the GOP leadership team.
Negotiators may feel an urgency to act given the expiration of the supplemental unemployment program at a time when other stimulus measures also begin running dry. The lapses heighten the prospect of the economy being staggered as Election Day approaches.
“If we do hit the cliff and then people go without the certainty, that can be pretty motivational for us to get back to work next week and get something accomplished,” said Senator Kevin Cramer, a North Dakota Republican, said.
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