- Democrats and the Trump administration remain far apart on coronavirus aid following a three-hour meeting Thursday.
- Steven Mnuchin and Mark Meadows said President Donald Trump is considering executive action to address unemployment insurance, evictions, student loans and a payroll tax cut if the sides cannot make significant progress Friday.
- The parties face pressure to strike an aid agreement after both enhanced jobless benefits and a moratorium on evictions from federally backed housing expired.
The prospects for a broad coronavirus relief package appeared grim Friday morning after a bitter meeting between Democratic leaders and Trump administration officials yielded little progress.
It is unclear whether negotiators will huddle again Friday to try to strike a deal to lift a U.S. economy and health-care system struggling under the weight of a once-in-a-lifetime pandemic.
After a more than three-hour meeting Thursday night, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and White House chief of staff Mark Meadows painted a dismal picture of aid talks that have accomplished little over a week and a half.
"We have always said that the Republicans and the president do not understand the gravity of the situation and every time that we have met, it has been reinforced," Pelosi, a California Democrat, told reporters after the meeting Thursday.
Democrats and Republicans appear to have come closer to an accord on issues including direct payments of up to $1,200 to Americans and extending a moratorium on evictions from federally backed housing. They have failed to bridge a gulf on how to continue enhanced federal unemployment benefits, help schools reopen safely during the pandemic, and aid state and local governments facing budget shortfalls during the outbreak.
House Democrats passed a $3 trillion package in May. Senate Republicans released a plan with a price tag of roughly $1 trillion. They seem to have trouble finding a figure both parties will accept.
"I think there is a lot of issues we are close to a compromise position on, but I think there are a handful of very big issues that we are still very far apart," Mnuchin told reporters Thursday.
"We'll see," he later added. "I think we always said our objective is to try to reach an overall understanding tomorrow. If the Democrats are willing to compromise and do something, I think we'll get something done."
It would take a massive effort for Democrats and the White House to even reach the outline of a deal Friday. But the clock is ticking: the expiration of both the $600 per week enhanced federal unemployment benefit and the eviction moratorium late last month have left millions of Americans scrambling to cover bills and remain in their homes.
The U.S. added 1.76 million jobs in July despite a resurgence in coronavirus cases that forced many states to pause or reverse their economic reopening plans. The unemployment rate fell to 10.2%, but was still higher than at any point during the 2008 financial crisis.
Democrats have insisted on extending the jobless benefit long term at $600 per week. The White House has made several counteroffers, reportedly proposing extra payments of $400 per week into December.
On Thursday, Meadows told reporters the White House officials would "stay engaged" in talks to reach a comprehensive agreement. Meadows said Trump told his negotiators that if the broad approach does not work, they should try to strike a "narrower deal" that addresses unemployment aid and evictions. Democrats have repeatedly rejected a limited agreement.
"And if those two things do not work, then [Trump] is prepared to take executive action on his own," the chief of staff said.
Trump, who has not participated in face-to-face talks, tweeted Thursday that he instructed his staff to work on executive actions to offer coronavirus relief. The orders would address unemployment benefits, evictions, student loan repayment and a payroll tax cut, he said.
It is unclear what power Trump has to tackle those topics on his own. Congress controls federal spending. Pelosi told CNBC on Thursday that she thinks the president has the power to extend the eviction moratorium, and urged him to do so.
Schumer, though, cautioned Trump against taking executive action on Thursday. He indicated an order could get held up in court.
"An executive order will leave millions of people out. It will be litigated. It won't be effective, and things will get worse," the New York Democrat told reporters after the talks.
If the sides can avoid executive action and reach a deal, passage of a bill may not come for at least another week.
Both the Senate and House left for the weekend after Thursday's sessions. The chambers have delayed their planned August recesses as they anticipate votes on a pandemic relief package.
Complicating matters in Congress, the talks have taken on bitterness less than three months before the general election. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., finds himself stuck between conservative senators who don't want to spend more money and swing-state Republicans who need to win their races in November for the GOP to keep its majority in the chamber.
He will likely have to rely on strong Democratic support to get a bill through the Senate.
For now, a moment of unity looks far away. Pelosi went as far as to say Meadows "slammed the table and walked out" of the meeting on Thursday.
Meadows disputed the account.
"It's fabricated," he said.
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