Ballot Curing: An Election Protection Tool for 2020

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By Wednesday night in Nevada, a razor-thin margin separated the tallies of the two leading presidential candidates. Yet thousands of mail-in ballots couldn’t yet be counted because of missing or mismatched signatures.

In an election with far more mail-in ballots cast than usual, Democrat and Republican operatives are mobilizing to “cure” ballots in battlegrounds where tight races depend on ballot counts still underway. The little-known tool is getting the spotlight this year, as election protection efforts adapt to troubleshooting voting challenges that primarily happened through the mail rather than in-person, where they can be monitored in real time. 

Georgia, North Carolina, Arizona and Nevada are among the states where canvassers are knocking on doors, making phone calls and sending texts to voters whose ballots were rejected for signature issues. Curing can also include provisional ballots that were cast without proper identification.

During early voting for the 2020 election, voters whose ballots were rejected for errors were more likely to be Black or Latino, according to a Los Angeles Times analysis. Most states allow voters to “cure” such problems and several give extra time to do so following Election Day, though only 18 have laws that requirecounties to notify voters of signature issues. Campaigns receive information about rejected ballots — which often come from older and younger voters — through county and state registrars. In Nevada, where Joe Biden retains a lead of less than 8,000 votes ahead of Donald Trump, 3,474 mail ballots were in need of signature cure statewide as of Wednesday night, according to the Secretary of State. Those include about 100 more ballots from registered Democrats than Republicans. 

But the scale of ballot cure issues is much larger this year than in past elections because of historic levels of mail-in voting, said Kevin Liao, the communications director for the Biden campaign in Nevada. In Clark County, which includes Las Vegas, Democratic canvassers have been on the ground daily since a few days after early voting began, said Christopher Brancart, a ballot curing volunteer with Nevada Democrats. Keith Schipper, a communications manager for the Trump campaign, says the Nevada GOP has also been sending postcards and making cure calls to their tranche of voters for days. The state allows voters to correct ballots through their county registrar until Nov. 12. 

As election suspense winds into days, ballot curing is seen as a key way for parties to protect leads as remaining mail and provisional ballots — largely expected to favor Democrats — are tallied. Republicans filed suit in federal court to block ballot curing in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania; a decision is expected on Friday. 

As of Wednesday, 7,955 mail-in voters in North Carolina had their ballots rejected, and might not have their ballots counted unless signature or witness problems were remedied,according to data from the U.S. Elections Project. In Georgia, where some1,574 ballots had been rejected as of Monday, the deadline for cures is Nov. 6.

The Georgia Democratic Party is training and dispatching volunteers to knock on doors of voters whose ballots were rejected in Fulton, DeKalb, Gwinnett and Cobb counties, the key urban counties around Atlanta that could determine a decisive lead for Biden. “We know from the recent election in 2018 that sometimes the person who gets the most votes doesn’t get the most votes counted, and we don’t want to let that happen this time,” Kim Hood, a volunteer with the Georgia Democrats, said on an online training video. She later added: “We are trying to save democracy, and we need every one of you.” 

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