Americans bought guns in record numbers in 2020

New York (CNN Business)Concerns about looming gun control legislation and rising crime continued to fuel gun sales in America throughout the month of April, according to industry observers.

The FBI conducted more than 3.5 million gun-related background checks last month, a 20% year-over-year increase from April 2020, according to the latest FBI figures released Monday.
Nearly 1.7 million of those gun background checks were specifically for gun purchases, according to the National Shooting Sports Foundation, a firearms industry trade group that cross references FBI data with actual sales figures provided by gun merchants to determine how many guns are sold monthly.

    NSSF spokesman Mark Oliva said the firearms industry sold more guns last month than in any April on record.

      “April marked 13 months of elevated firearm sales, which have ranged between 1.5 million and 2 million each month,” he said. “Firearm sales spiked in March 2020 and have remained at unprecedented levels since. It’s a remarkable feat of firearm manufacturers to keep pace with this blistering demand.”

      A prospective customer inspects a handgun at Maxon Shooter's Supplies & Indoor Range in Des Plaines, Illinois.

      Illinois gun sales

      No state has seen more gun sales this year than Illinois.
      Federal authorities there have completed nearly 4.3 million gun background checks since January, including more than 955,000 submitted last month.
      That’s more April gun background checks than the next five highest-ranking states combined.
      Texas, which has more than twice the population of Illinois, came in second, with nearly 188,000 April background checks.
      The NSSF says Illinois firearms purchases have been greatly inflated so far this year because many state residents who were looking to purchase guns at the beginning of the pandemic have only recently been able to do so. The delay was triggered by a backlog in the state’s Firearms Owner Identification system.
      Illinois’ FOID Act, which requires gun purchasers to obtain a special ID from state police, was established in 1968, but the system was overwhelmed with requests a year ago when the pandemic fueled a national surge in first-time gun buyers.
      “The Illinois State Police were inundated with applications for the FOID card,” said Dan Eldridge, owner of Maxon Shooter’s Supplies & Indoor Range in Des Plaines, Illinois, a popular gun store about 20 miles northwest of Chicago. “My attorney and his wife both filed in March of last year and got their FOID cards in the last two weeks.”
      Eldridge said a surge in crime in Chicago has also led many to purchase firearms in his area. His biggest sellers recently have been semiautomatic handguns and AR-15s, weapons often used in high-profile mass shootings.
      “We continue to sell everything that comes into the store within a couple of days,” Eldridge said. “When people that live in high crime areas hear a lot of talk and even legislative action to defund the police, it’s reasonable for them to take steps to protect themselves.”
      A lawsuit contending that the Illinois FOID Act is unconstitutional was appealed to the state supreme court on Thursday, according to the Chicago Sun-Times.
      Demand for guns in Illinois may be even higher than the current numbers suggest. The state shares a border with Indiana, where the FBI completed nearly 187,000 gun background checks last month, the third highest in the nation.
      Last week, the gun control advocacy group Everytown filed a lawsuit against a Gary, Indiana, gun store owner on behalf of the city of Chicago after a study allegedly revealed 850 guns illegally purchased at the shop were recovered from gun-related crime scenes in the Windy City.
      “You can go over the border to Indiana and get military grade weapons if you have the money,” Chicago Mayor Lori Lightfoot told local ABC affiliate WLS-TV a week ago.

      A customer purchases a gun at Freddie Bear Sports on April 08, 2021 in Tinley Park, Illinois.

      Not keeping pace with demand

      Eldridge and Oliva said gun sales have been limited by supply. Since the pandemic began, Americans have been buying firearms faster than gun makers can manufacture them.
      “There are a lot of people coming into retailers looking for something and if there’s not something on the shelf, then that sale is just not happening,” Oliva said. “People are ordering the firearm online and then the firearm is being delivered to the retailer without ever being displayed on the shelf.”

        April gun sales across the nation were down 25% from March, which set a new record for monthly gun sales thanks to a series of high-profile mass shootings that spurred President Joe Biden and Democrats in Congress to push for passing new federal gun control measures that would expand background check requirements and limit or ban future sales of so-called assault weapons.
        “We’re still at levels that are much higher than they were in 2019, 2018 or other years,” Oliva said.
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